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FCI  Standard № 15 (19.04.2002)

BELGIAN SHEPHERD

ORIGIN: Belgium.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 22.06.2001.

APPLICATION : Originally herding and working today (guard, protective, investigative, etc.) and versatile working dog and family dog​​.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :

Group 1. Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Shepherd).

Section 1. Shepherd.

With working trial.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :

The Belgian Shepherd is able to fit into a square. Chest let down to the level of the elbows. The length of the muzzle is equal to or slightly more than half the length of the head.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT :

The Belgian Shepherd is alert and lively dog, explosive energy, and always ready for action. As an innate ability to protect the herd, it also has very valuable qualities of the best dog for the protection of property. Without a doubt it is an implacable and ardent defender of his master. It combines all the qualities that are necessary for a shepherd, protective guard and service dog. Her cheerful, lively temperament and self-confident nature, showing no fear or aggressiveness, should be seen in the front and in proud attentive expression eyes glistening. When judging this breed should consider its calm and fearless character.

HEAD:

Carried high, long without exaggeration, straight lines, well chiselled and dry. Skull and muzzle are approximately equal in length, with a very low tendency to be longer than the muzzle of the skull.

CRANIAL REGION : Moderate width proportional to the length of the head, forehead flat rather than round, frontal groove not very pronounced, the forehead and muzzle are parallel; occiput little developed; brow and cheekbones do not protrude.

Stop : Moderate .

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: Black.

Muzzle: Medium length and well delineated under the eyes, gradually tapering towards the nose like an elongated wedge; nasal bridge is straight and parallel to the forehead, jaws with well defined grin, when the mouth is open, the corners of his mouth drawn straight back, jaw, well bred.

Lips: Fine, tight fitting and well pigmented.

Jaws and teeth : Strong, white teeth, regularly and standing firm in well-developed jaws. Scissor bite, pincer bite, which is preferred by shepherds bearable. Full set of teeth according to the dentition formula, the absence of two premolars (P1) bearable and third molars (M3) are not taken into account.

Cheeks: dry and quite flat, although muscled.

Eyes: Of medium size, neither prominent nor depth, slightly almond-shaped, obliquely, brownish color, preferably dark, black border century; open, lively, intelligent and inquisitive look.

Ears: Rather small, set high, distinctly triangular form, rounded outer ear, pointed tips, stiff ears, hold upright and vertical when dog is alert.

NECK :

With good yield, slightly elongated, rather vertical, muscular and gradually widening to shoulders, without dewlap, nape slightly arched.

BODY :

Strong, without coarseness; body length approximately equal to the height at the withers. Topline: The topline of the back and waist line.

Withers: pronounced.

Back (from withers to Maklok) : Strong, short and muscular.

Loin: Solid, short, fairly broad, muscular.

Croup : Ripped, only very slightly sloping, wide enough, but not overly.

Chest : Slightly broad, but well lowered down, the upper part of ribs arched; seen from the front forechest little broad, but without narrowness.

Underline: Begins below the chest and rises gently in a harmonious bending to the stomach, which is not omitted and is not matched, but pulled up slightly and moderately developed.

TAIL:

Well set, strong at the base, of medium length, reaching at least to hock, but preferably longer, alone omitted tip pointing back at the hock joint, lifted in motion, but without crossing horizontally, bend at the tail end becomes more accentuated without forming a hook or when povihnutosti whatsoever.

LIMBS :

FOREQUARTERS: General appearance: The backbone of a strong, but not rude; musculature dry and strong; forelegs vertical on all sides and perfectly parallel when viewed from front.

Shoulders: The shoulder blades are long and oblique, well attached, forming a sufficient angle with the humerus, ideally 110-115 degrees.

Upper arm: Long and sufficiently oblique.

Elbow : Firm, neither are turned or substituted.

Forearm: Long and straight.

Wrist : Very strong and dry.

Pastern: Strong and short, perpendicular to the ground as possible or only very slightly sloping.

Feet: Round, cat feet , toes arched and close together; filled cushions and elastic; nails dark and strong.

HINDQUARTERS :

General appearance: Strong, but not rude; profile hindlegs are upright and seen from behind perfectly parallel.

Thigh : Medium length, broad and well muscled.

Stifle: approximately on the plumb line from Maklok; normal knee angles.

Lower thigh: Medium length, broad and muscular.

Hock: Broad and muscular, with moderate angulation.

Hocks : Strong and short; dewclaws not desirable.

Feet: Can be slightly oval, arched and tight toes; filled cushions and elastic; nails dark and strong.

MOVEMENT:

Quick and free movement at all gaits; Belgian Shepherd gallops well, but its normal gaits are the step and especially the trot; limbs move parallel to the median plane of the body. At high speed the feet come nearer to the median plane; trot reach in moderate, uniform motion and light, with a good push from behind, and the topline remains firm in while the front legs are not raised too high. Always in motion Belgian Shepherd looks tireless, her motions are stable, resilient and fast. It is capable of a sudden change in direction at full speed. Due to its rapid temperament and passion to protect and defend, it tends to move in circles.

SKIN :

Elastic but taut over the body; edge of the lips and eyelids intensely pigmented.

VARIETY IN COAT AND COLOR :

Since among Belgian Shepherds coat varies in length, orientation, and markings mean this to become accepted as a criterion for determining the differences between the four varieties of the breed: Groenendael, Tervueren, Malinois and lakenua. These four species are examined separately, and each can receive CAC, CACIB or reserve title.

HAIR :

All varieties the hair must always be dense, tight-fitting and of good texture, with a woolly undercoat forming an excellent protective covering.

LONG HAIR : The coat is short on the head, outside of the ears and the lower part of the limbs , except the back side of the forearm , which is covered from elbow to wrist long feathering called feathering . Fur is long and smooth on the rest of the body and longer and more abundant around the neck and the front of the chest, where the formed sleeve or collar and jabot or apron. While outdoors , the dog is protected by thick strands of wool. At the base of the ears sticking out perpendicular to the surface of the hair and skin surrounds the head. The back side is covered with very long thighs abundant hair forming pants or gachi . Tail cleaned long abundant hair forming a plume.

Groenendael and Tervueren are the long-haired dogs.

SHORT HAIR : The coat is very short on the head, outside of ears and lower limbs. It is short on the rest of the body and richer on the tail and around the neck, where the formed sleeve or collar, which starts from the base of the ears and stretches down the throat. Also, the back side hip fringed longer hair. Tail shape corn cob, but does not form a suspension.

The Malinois is the short-haired dog.

HARD (Brudastov) HAIR: What especially distinguishes Brudastov species, so this roughness and dryness of the hair, which, moreover, creaks and tousled. About 6 cm long over the body, the coat is shorter on the nose, forehead and legs. Hair around the eyes and the hair on the muzzle restroom should not be so long as to hide the shape of the head. However, it is essential to have adorning the hair on the muzzle. In the tail suspension should not be.

Lakenua is wirehaired (Brudastov) dog.

COLOUR:

Mask: We tervueren and Malinois the mask must be strongly expressed and aims to cover the upper and lower lips, corners of lips and eyelids in a single black area. Requires a minimum of six seats skin pigmentation following: two ears, two upper and two centuries lips, upper and lower - they all should be black.

Black muruzhina : Do tervueren and black Malinois muruzhina means that have black hair ends that are interspersed with the main color. This black in any case ryzhinoy and should not be presented or large stains, no certainties in the form of bands (brindle). Do lakenua black expressed more discreetly.

Groenendael : Only uniformly black.

Tervuren : Only red with black or gray with black, with a black mask, but red with black still preferred. Auburn should be rich, neither light or blurred. Any dog ​​whose color is not red with black or does not match the desired intensity of color, can not be regarded as an elite individual.

Malinois : Only red with black and red mask.

Lakenua : Only red with traces of black, mainly on the face and tail.

For all varieties : a small amount of white is tolerated on chest and toes.

SIZE AND WEIGHT :

Height : Ideal height at the withers average: for males - 62 cm, for females - 58 cm.

Limits : up to 2 cm below 4 cm.

Weight: males about 25-30 kg, females about 20-25 kg.

Measure: Average values ​​of the normal measurements for adult male Belgian Shepherd of 62 cm at the withers/

FAULTS :

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault or flaw, depending on the severity.

  • General: the clumsiness, lack of elegance, too light or very weak; extended format.
  • Head: Rugged, too massive, non-parallel to the forehead and muzzle, and not sufficiently delineated, dry head, forehead too rounded ly , the transition from forehead to muzzle too pronounced or very flattened; muzzle too short or small, hooked nose, eyebrow or cheekbones too prominent.
  • The nose, lips and eyelids: traces of depigmentation.
  • Teeth: Nonlinear cutting edges. Serious drawback: the lack of one incisor, one second premolar (1P2), one third premolar (1P3) or three premolars (3P1).
  • Eyes: Light, rounded.
  • Ears: Large, long, too broad at the base, low-set, keep hanging or facing each other.
  • Neck: Thin, short or low set.
  • Block: Too stretched; chest is too wide (barrel).
  • Withers: flat, low.
  • Topline: Back and loins long, weak, sagging or napruzhinoy.
  • Croup: beveled, highly.
  • Underline: Needless or insufficiently deep; pribryushistost.
  • Tail: Set on a very low; kept too high, forming a hook or povihnut.
  • Legs: The backbone is too easy or very rough, non-vertical supplied in the profile (ie pasterns too sloping or weak wrists), front ( toes - or clubfoot, inverted elbows, etc.) or the back (too narrow or very wide in hind legs, barrel hocks, hocks close together or twist, etc.); pryamozadost or saber.
  • Feet: Flat or loose.
  • Movement: Non-free; too short step, a very weak push, poor transmission through the topline, high lift legs.
  • Wool: For all varieties- insufficient undercoat.

- Groenendael and Tervueren : Fluffy, wavy, curly hair, long hair is not enough.

- Malinois : Wool extended where there should be a short, smooth, stiff hairs scattered in the short coat, wavy coat.

- Lakenua : Coat too long, silky, wavy, curly or short, thin hairs saturated scattered in the strands tight wool; too long hair around the eyes or on the chin, bushy tail.

  • Color: For all varieties - white mark on the chest forming tie, white on toes for walks in his fingers.

- Groenendael : reddish tint in wool, gray trousers.

- Tervuren : Gray.

- Tervuren and Malinois : Tiger, the tone is not warm enough, not enough or too much black, or black spots on the body forms, not enough masks.

- Tervuren and Malinois lakenua : Too bright red color, the main color, which is very clarified called blurred and is regarded as a serious drawback.

  • Temperament : Individuals with a lack of confidence or excessive nervousness.

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Behavior: aggressive or cowardly individuals.
  • General appearance: Lack of breed.
  • Teeth : Overshot, undershot, even if contact is not lost (reverse scissor bite); wry mouth; absence of one canine, one carnivore tooth (top or bottom of the P4 M1), one molar (M1 or M2, M3 not taken into account) one third premolar (P3) plus one other tooth or three teeth in general (except for the first premolars) or more.
  • The nose, lips, eyelids : Highly expressed depigmentation.
  • Ears: Hanging or artificially kept erect.
  • Tail : missing or shortened, or docked at birth, kept too high and the ring or twisted.
  • Coat: lack of undercoat.
  • Color: Any colors that do not match those described species; too widespread white markings on forechest , especially if they reach the neck, white paws more than half pasterns front or rear, forming a " socks ", white markings somewhere location other than the front of the chest and toes, lack of masks, including the face lighter than the rest of the shirt, for Tervuren and Malinois.
  • Height: outside these limits.

N.В. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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