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FCI Standart № 344 /14.02.2001/ GB

LARGE JAPANESE DOG

ORIGIN: U.S.A.

Destination : Companion dog.

Classification F.C.I.

Group 5. Spitz and primitive.

Section 5. Asian Spitz and similar breeds.

Without working trial.

A brief history of the breed :

The history of the initial stage of formation of rocks big Japanese Dog (formerly known as - American Akita) recalls the story of a Japanese Akita.From 1603 to around Akita Akita dog fights used Matagi (medium-sized dogs for hunting bears).

From 1868 Akita Matagi crossed with the Tosa Inu and mastiffs, resulting in increased size of the breed, but the Spitz-like features such as disappeared. In 1908 dog fighting was prohibited, but nevertheless preserved and improved breed, becoming a Japanese breed of large dogs. As a result, in 1931, nine prominent representatives of the breed were called "natural monuments".

During the Second World War (1939 -1945) the dog is often used as a source of fur for military garments. The police ordered the capture and confiscated all dogs except German shepherds, used for military purposes.Some fans tried to circumvent the order by carrying out breeding their dogs with German Shepherd Dogs.

By the end of World War II, the number of Akita has declined sharply. In addition, identify three distinct types of inbreeding: 1) Matagi Akitas 2) Fighting Akitas and 3) Shepherd Akitas. As a result, the breed was in a very confusing situation.

In 1956 he was created by the American Akita Club, and in October 1972, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (which was made a corresponding entry in the stud book, and the dogs have the right to participate in exhibitions). However, in the period in between the ACC and YAKK (American and Japanese Kennel Clubs) have not yet signed an agreement on mutual recognition of pedigrees, imports and therefore included in the selection of new breed of Japanese lines were impossible.

As a result, the Akita in the United States are significantly different from their relatives in Japan - the country where the breed originated. By 1955, the United States there was a unique type of Akita, since this type and characteristics of the dogs did not change. This type is very different from the Japanese Akita, which were crossed with Akita Matagi to restore the original pure breed.

The general form :

Large Japanese dog - this is a large sturdy dog, well balanced, with powerful substance and heavy bone. The breed is characterized by wide head in the form of an obtuse-angled triangle, with deep muzzle, relatively small eyes and erect ears that are almost in line with the back of the neck.

The basic proportions :

The ratio of height at withers to body length is 9 to 10 males and 9 to 11 females.

The depth of chest at the Akita Inu is half the height at the withers.

The ratio of the distance from tip of nose to move Stop to the distance from the transition to the neck is 2 to 3.

Behaviour / temperament:

Large Japanese dog has a friendly, receptive nature, with a strong sense of dignity, docile and courageous.

Head :

His head was large Japanese dog is massive, but is proportional to the body, at rest with no wrinkles. When viewed from above takes the form of an obtuse-angled triangle.

Skull:  Flat and broad between the ears. A shallow furrow between the eyes of the Great Japanese dog comes to his forehead significantly.

Stop: Well marked, but not too abrupt.

Front part :

: Big and black. Slight and diffuse depigmentation of the nose is allowed only if the white coloration Large Japanese dog, with a black nose is always preferable.

Snout: In the Akita Inu broad, deep and full of face.

Lips: His lips were large Japanese dogs are black, not pendulous, pink tongue.

Jaws / Teeth: Jaws not rounded, but blunt, strong and powerful. Large Japanese dog's teeth strong, situated on a regular basis, in full kit, scissors bite is preferred, but may be direct.

Eyes: The American Akita dark brown, relatively small, not protruding eyes almost triangular in shape. Eyelids close fitting, black.

Ears: The ears are large Japanese dog stand firmly, small relative to the size of the head. If the ear tilted forward, the tip of the upper eyelid concerns. The ears are triangular in shape, with slightly rounded ends, wide at base, not too low set. When looking at the big Japanese dog's ears tilted forward at the side of the eyes, continuing the line of the neck.

Neck : Nose

In large Japanese dog is thick and muscular neck, with minimal dewlap, comparatively short, gradually widening to shoulders. Pronounced withers smoothly into the base of the skull head.

Housing: Length of body Large Japanese dogs exceeds the height at the withers.The skin is not too thin, not too tight but not too loose.

Back: The spin of the Great Japanese dog straight.

Loin : With solid muscle.

Chest : Broad and deep. Great ribs well arched Japanese dogs. Developed sternum.

Underline and belly: Moderately tucked up.

Tail :

Large, heavily overgrown, high set, carried curled over the back or stretched along the body, forms a ring of three-fourths full of single or double ring, always on the back or below its level. If the tail of the Great Japanese dog wrapped by three quarters, its tip much hangs on one side. The base of the tail of a large and powerful.

In the unfolded state last caudal vertebra reaches to the hock. Hair on the tail of the Great Japanese dog rough, straight and dense, with no tail takes the form of a pen or brush.

Extremity :

The fore limbs : With strong bones, looking at the big Japanese dog in the front - straight.

Shoulders: His shoulders large Japanese dog strong and powerful, with a moderate slope backwards.

Pastern: Pastern Large Japanese dogs some tilted forward at an angle of about 15 degrees to the vertical.

The hind limbs: With powerful muscles, and bony width comparable to the upper limbs.Dewclaws on hind legs Large Japanese dogs are traditionally removed.

Hips: For large Japanese dogs is characterized by powerful, well developed, parallel when viewed from behind.

Stifle: Stifle a large Japanese dog moderately curved.

Hock: Noticeably lean back, turning neither in nor out.

Feet: For large Japanese dogs is characterized by straight, cat feet, with bulging knuckles and thick pads.

Gait / Movement :

Movement of powerful, with a moderate vymahom and drive. Hind feet large Japanese dog moves in one plane with the front. The back of the movement remains strong, firm and level.

Coat :

Indumentum: Double coat. The undercoat is a large Japanese dog's thick, soft, dense and shorter than the wrapper (guard) hair. Outer coat straight, harsh / stiff, somewhat behind the body. On the head, lower legs and ears large Japanese dog's hair is short. Length of hair on the withers and croup approximately 5 cm, on the other parts of the body somewhat shorter, with the exception of the tail, which is covered by the longest and abundant hair.

Color: For large Japanese dog is typical of any color such as red, fawn, white, etc., can also be piebald or brindle. All colors are clean and bright markings are well balanced, can attend a mask or blaze. In large Japanese dog solid white color mask is absent. In dogs, piebald coloring on a white background evenly distributed large patches covering head and more than one-third of the body. The undercoat is a large Japanese dog's color can vary from the color guard cover.

Growth :

Height at the withers: Males: 66 - 71 cm (26 - 28 inches). Females: 61 - 66 cm (24 - 26 inches).

FAULTS:

· Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault, the extent of which is determined by how much it differs from the standard.

· The deviation from the sexual type (male or a female type bitch in doggy).

· Narrow or small head, large Japanese dog.

· Missing teeth (except 2 of the PM1 and / or M3).

· Blue or black spots tongue Large Japanese dogs.

· Bright eyes.

· Short tail Large Japanese dogs.

· Out at elbows or out.

· The presence of a collar or feathering on the legs and hanging on the tail of the Great Japanese dog.

SEVERE FAULTS:

· Essence Large Japanese dogs.

· Lightweight bones.

ELIMINATING FAULTS:

· Completely depigmented nose, nose brindle Great Japanese dog.

· Hanging or semi-erect ears.

· Undershot or overshot a large Japanese dog.

· Falcate or straight tail.

· Males Large Japanese dogs less 63.5 cm (25 inches), bitches less than 58.5 cm (25 inches).

N.В.: Males Large Japanese dogs should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


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